In Iowa, the Scott County group Iowans For Accountability recently reached out to their seated defacto grand jury.
Here's the letter and package that they send to the Grand Jury...
August 25, 2011
TO: Scott County Iowa Grand Jurors:
Rosemary Hasenmiller (Forewoman), Mark Burgmeier, Tochcia Butler, Ellen Frey, Andrew Nanspreybroeck, Cheryl Shuppy, Angela Ubel
Alternates, Scott County, Iowa Grand Jurors:
Daniel Armstrong,Eric Baker, Yvonne Hamilton, Kristine Royster-Teitle, Bradley Simmons, Kevin Tague, Nanette Trudell
FROM: Scott County Iowans For Accountability (IFA), PO Box 514, Bluegrass, Iowa 52726
RE: Grand Jury Toolkit
Dear Scott County Iowa Grand Jurors:
Thank you for serving and protecting the people of Scott County. Please note the attached copy of Scott County Attorney Mike Walton's June 14th letter notifying you that you may be contacted.
Iowans For Accountability (IFA) was formed in August 2010 as a Non Party Political Organization, under Iowa Code Title II, Chapter 44.1. IFA has been scrutinizing government activity in Scott County such as the consolidated dispatching center (aka SECC911), Scott County Board meetings and staff communications, and Scott County Courthouse procedures and proceedings. IFA seeks to increase government accountability and transparency. To that end, when the citizens of Scott County have access to a fully informed and active Grand Jury, the people can be protected from government overreach and injustice.
The body of both Mr. Walton's letter and this letter (without your names) will be published in the next issue of IFAâ€™s newsletter The Concerned Citizen. Your names and contact information (attached) will be available at the IFA website for concerned citizens who wish to contact you.
We have compiled this open letter to augment your grand jury training and to generate more awareness of the full scope and importance of the Grand Jury's duties and responsibilities.
Our founding documents - our U.S. and State Constitutions - define the duties and role the Grand Jury:
The Constitution of the United States (17 Sep 1787), Amendment V:
â€œNo person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Juryâ€¦
The Constitution of the State of Iowa (1857), Bill of Rights, Article I, Section 11, â€œWhen indictment necessary - grand jury
â€¦in which the maximum permissible imprisonment...exceed[s] thirty daysâ€¦no person shall be held to answer for any higher criminal offense, unless on presentment or indictment by a grand juryâ€¦â€ 
Iowa Court Rules reveal the Grand Jury has broad authority to investigate wrongdoings, regardless of the source of information.
(A) Ensuring no Scott County citizens are imprisoned on criminal charges without Grand Jury indictments
(B) Investigating the condition and management of Scott County's prisons, institutions and places of detentions
(C) Investigating unlawful misconduct in office of Scott County public officers and employees
The Constitutions (U.S. and Iowa) are the supreme documents and supersede and overrule any subsequent laws/statutes/ordinances/rules that are repugnant to them.
This is evidenced by the Supreme Court's ruling, Marbury v Madison: â€œThe Constitution of these United States is the supreme law of the land. Any law that is repugnant to the Constitution is null and void of law.â€ 
Further, the Constitution of the State of Iowa, Article 12, Section 1 states: â€œThis Constitution shall be the supreme law of the state, and any law inconsistent therewith shall be void.â€
Meanwhile, Iowa Court Rules, Chapter 2 - Rules of Criminal Procedure, Rule 2.5, paragraph 2.5(1) unconstitutionally undermines the Grand Juryâ€™s authority by stating: â€œAll indictable offenses may be prosecuted by a trial information. An information charging a person with an indictable offense may be filedâ€¦, whether or not the grand jury is in session." 
Without the Grand Jury's participation or knowledge, trial information is being used to generate indictments for criminal offenses with maximum permissible imprisonment that exceed thirty days.
Since this practice contradicts both the U.S. Constitution and the Iowa Constitution, prosecution based soley on a trial information is invalid and thus â€œnull and void of law.â€ This practice is also in conflict with Iowaâ€™s own Court Rules: â€œThe grand jury shall inquire into all indictable offenses.â€
By relying on â€œa trial information,â€ the grand jury's duties are being undermined and as a result, the rights of the people of Scott County are being violated by denying the due process protected by the Constitution of the State of Iowa, Article 1, Section 9. 
Fortunately, the Grand Jury was established to protect against such violations.
As a Scott County Grand Jury member, please remember these important facts and observations:
1. You are the 4th branch of government. The Grand Jury is an independent body, whose functions include not only the investigation of crime, and the initiation of criminal prosecution, but also the protection of the citizenry from unfounded criminal charges. 
2. The Grand Jury acts as a check on the prosecutorial power of the state. 
3. The District [County] attorney has no power over the Grand Jury but rather serves as a facilitator for the Grand Jury. 
4. The Scott County Grand Jury is required to ensure that â€œno person...held to answer for any higher criminal offense, unless on presentment or indictment by a grand jury.â€ (The Constitution of the State of Iowa, Article I, Sec 11)
5. â€œJudicial Expediencyâ€ or â€œJudicial Economyâ€ is NOT an excuse to replace the duties and authorities of the Scott County grand jury.
6. There are two documents endorsed by the grand jury - A True Bill of Indictment, where the indictment originates with the District [County] attorney; and A True Bill of Presentment which originates with the grand jury, for which the District [County] attorney must then frame an indictment.
A Presentment is an accusation of an offense, made by a grand jury on its own, upon its own observation and knowledge, or upon evidence presented to it by injured parties, concerned citizens or public officers, and without any Bill of Indictment laid before it by the government.  
The grand jury collects and evaluates evidence to establish whether A True Bill or No Bill of Presentment is issued. No Bill means that there is not enough evidence to warrant an Indictment and because the Grand Jury proceedings remain secret, the honor of the accused is protected. 
While the Iowa Court Rules contain the county attorney's General Indictment Form (Rule 2.37 - Form 5), it contains no form for a Grand Jury Presentment. Meanwhile, the Grand Jury oath, found in the same Rules, twice mentions â€œpresentmentsâ€ as the Grand Jury's responsibility.  Regardless, the Grand Jury should be creating its own Presentments, when necessary.
7. The grand jury has the right, duty and authority to initiate its own investigations at any time. It does not require approval from the county attorney/prosecutor or any judge. It can invite witnesses to testify and issue its own findings as well as a Presentment. Federal grand jurors have independent power to investigate and demand on their own. 
8. It is your duty to examine all prosecutions against the limited powers of the Iowa and U.S. constitutions.
9. It is your duty and right to judge the law as well as the facts of the case.   
10. The grand jury may issue indictments to any person, not just public prosecutors, authorizing them to prosecute.
11. The grand jury must determine if the court has jurisdiction of the case, not just if there is sufficient evidence to indict.
12. A grand jury's proceedings are to remain secret (Iowa Court Rule 2.3(4)d. Secrecy of proceedings), unless otherwise required by rules of Discovery (Iowa Court Rule 2.14) and no one other than the grand jury may be present when the grand jury is voting upon the finding of an indictment.
13. No government agency has the right to interfere with body ownership, self-defense, or any other natural rights. 
14. In matters where the State is the plaintiff and claims itself as the injured party, the presiding judge, as an employee of the state, has a clear conflict of interest. The Grand Jury is one of the the people's most important remedies for holding government accountable.
15. You are the peopleâ€™s representatives - our guardians - in protecting us and yourselves from corrupt government servants. We hope this letter, and support material, inspires you to re-read your Oath and make yourselves accessible to concerned citizens. (See footnote #13 on previous page.)
We will be contacting you to ensure you received this information. We will assist you and answer any questions - contact us at the numbers listed below. Weâ€™ll be happy to meet with you to discuss this information and explore next steps in becoming a more active Grand Jury.
Iowans For Accountability (IFA)
2010 Central Committee Members:
Michael D. Elliott, Chairman 563-570-5395
Michael C. Angelos, Secretary 563-324-4716
Jesse J. Anderson 309-235-5813
Diane L. Holst 563-285-9758
M. Todd McGreevy 563-650-0120
John P. Riley 563-514-3388
Suggested Additional Readings:
Constitution for the United States
Constitution of the State of Iowa
General Indictment Form (Rule 2.37- Form 5)
Who Owns Your Body? (FIJA)
On the Grand Jury (FIJA)
The Concerned Citizen, May-June 2011
American Juror, Vol. 16, Issue 3, What Happened to the Grand (Old) Jury?
American Juror, Vol. 21, Issue 3/4, First-Hand Grand Jury Account
American Juror, Vol. 23, Issue 1, Grand Jury Remedies: Questions & Answers
American Juror, Vol. 23, Issue 2, Guerrilla Jurors: Sticking it to Leviathan
American Juror, Vol. 23, Issue 2, Corruption Charge at the Fulton County District Attorney and Grand Jury
A Primer for Prospective Jurors (FIJA)
Letter from Michael J. Walton, Scott County Attorney to Scott County Grand Jurors; Subject: SuperLiberty/Fully Informed Jury Assoc., June 14, 2011
Iowa Court Rules Sections 2.3, 2.4 and 2.5
Full PDF of entire Toolkit, with hyperlinks herein, available at the Scott County Iowans For Accountability website: www.ScottCountyIFA.com